Gum treatment is the treatment of active gum and jaw bone disease. The treatment can slow or stop the progression of the disease. Since there are different stages of gum disease (from gingivitis to advanced periodontitis), there are different levels of treatment. In some cases, the patient may be referred to a specialist.
Gum treatment consists of one or more of the following procedures, depending on the individual case:
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and Root Planing is a common non-surgical treatment for periodontal disease. By using special instruments, we remove bacteria and infection from the unhealthy deep pockets around the teeth below the gum line. This is often referred to as a "deep cleaning".
First the tooth is scaled to remove the plaque and tarter that has accumulated on the tooth.
Then the root is planed or smoothed. This eliminates any rough areas on the root that can easily trap plaque and bacteria.
A smooth clean root provides a healthy environment to allow the gums to heal naturally and reattach to the tooth. This will create a reduced pocket, therefore eliminating areas for bacteria to hide and cause further disease.
Scaling and Root Planing combined with a strict home care routine and more frequent periodontal cleanings and exams will increase your chances of keeping your natural smile.
Sometimes, in order to treat advanced gum disease, surgical procedures are necessary, such as:
Pocket Depth Reduction
Soft Tissue Grafts (referred to a specialist)
Bone and Tissue Regeneration
Recent advances in periodontal treatment allow us to now place medications directly at the site of infection. One of the most commonly used medications of this kind is Arestin™. This is often used in conjunction with scaling and root planing. In addition, an antimicrobial rinse is sometimes used after some procedures.
Strict Home Care Regimen
A home care routine specific to the patient's individual needs may be prepared to prevent the patient from relapsing.